Post conflict recovery efforts and enhancement of human security in Northern Uganda: A case of peace recovery and development plan (PRDP) in Gulu District.
Conflict poses serious challenges at all levels – from individual to collective compromising the chances of achieving political, social and economic stability (Ferguson, 2010). Ferguson explains the size of the problem in statistical forms indicating that about 191 million people lost their lives to political violence in the 20th century and since the turn of the century, about 4million have died in armed conflict (Ferguson, 2010). In 2008, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) confirmed that conflict has devastating consequences; creates large numbers of casualties either directly or indirectly, exacerbates malnutrition and disease, substantially leads to loss of livelihood, employment and incomes, collapses infrastructure, State institutions and rule of law as well as maintains a chain of insecurity and fractured social networks (UNDP, 2008; David, Baston & Mills, 2011). These consequences have serious implications on both State and human security. In the post-conflict setting though, the effects of conflict may worsen and compromise the enjoyment and realization of human security.